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Assessing the potential tsunami source of the Manila trench at the Bengkayang nuclear power plant site in Kalimantan using topographical details

1Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency, Indonesia

2Research Center for Hydrodynamic Technology, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia

3Research Center for Nuclear Reactor Technology, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia

4 Indonesian Nuclear Technology Polytechnic, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia

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Received: 10 Sep 2023; Revised: 8 Nov 2023; Accepted: 6 Dec 2023; Available online: 29 Dec 2023; Published: 1 Jan 2024.
Editor(s): Grigorios Kyriakopoulos
Open Access Copyright (c) 2024 The Author(s). Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract
Tsunamis pose a significant threat to the construction of Nuclear Power Plants. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out a comprehensive study regarding the potential threat of tsunamis and mitigation measures using detailed data at prospective locations. This assessment is a prerequisite for effective environmental impact planning and analysis. To determine the suitability of a prospective location, careful consideration of natural factors, including earthquakes as triggers for tsunamis, is essential. The main objective of this tsunami research is to assess the level of safety of potential locations against tsunami hazards and develop appropriate mitigation strategies. This research uses the Cornell Multigrid Coupled Tsunami (COMCOT) tsunami modeling technique. This modeling approach utilizes topographic and bathymetric data obtained through extensive field surveys. In addition, this research aims to determine the maximum tsunami height in the inundation area and identify potential tsunami hazards arising from various scenarios related to the active tectonic potential of the Philippine Manila Trench. The Bengkayang Gosong Beach area and West Kalimantan are among the candidate locations that may be affected with the estimated tsunami height being between 0.48 meters and 0.62 meters. The tsunami arrival time was between 9 hours 10 minutes to 9 hours 24 minutes. These findings play an important role in conducting comprehensive risk assessments for nuclear power plant development, ensuring that necessary steps are taken to reduce potential hazards associated with tsunamis.
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Keywords: nuclear power plants; tsunami; modeling; COMCOT; Manila Trench
Funding: BRIN under contract B-802/II.7.5/FR/6/2022 under contract B-9106/III.3/KS.0.0/9/2022

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