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Effectiveness of building envelope parameters and adopting PV panels to reduce reliance on local generators in hot-dry climate

1School of Architecture, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China

2Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Koya University, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

3Department of Biomaterials, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, SIMATS, Saveetha University, Chennai-600077, India

Received: 11 Feb 2024; Revised: 26 Mar 2024; Accepted: 1 Apr 2024; Available online: 3 Apr 2024; Published: 1 May 2024.
Editor(s): H Hadiyanto
Open Access Copyright (c) 2024 The Author(s). Published by Centre of Biomass and Renewable Energy (CBIORE)
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract

The growing energy demand, associated with the inability of the current infrastructure to satisfy this demand, has presented numerous challenges in Iraq's electricity sector. As a result, there has been an increased dependence on local diesel generators to mitigate power outages in homes. However, these generators raise environmental concerns and are associated with high operating CO₂  emissions. Here, using the DesignBuilder and EnergyPlus simulation software, the effectiveness of different building envelope modifications and photovoltaic panels as alternative energy sources was examined. Specifically, the impact of wall and roof insulation, window glazing, and shading devices on energy efficiency was analyzed. The results indicated that roof insulation is the most effective in reducing energy consumption by 28.8%, followed by wall insulation by 13.01%, while the effect of windows glazing and shading devices was insignificant. Furthermore, the installation of solar panels led to a significant reduction in energy demand by 53.6%, thereby decreasing operating carbon dioxide emissions and providing a practical alternative to the use of local generators. Our study offers valuable insights into the design of energy-efficient residential buildings in hot and dry climates. It highlights the importance of selecting appropriate building materials and integrating renewable energy sources, presenting a more environmentally effective solution to mitigate energy shortages.

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Keywords: Building Envelope; Energy Simulation; Building energy consumption; CO2 emissions; Erbil City; Electricity Demand

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